Cilento, that is the Western Lucania region, is a mountainous subregion of the Campania, in the province of Salerno, in the southern part of the region, that was declared UNESCO World Heritage site.
Until the creation of the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni, Cilento's territory was located among the villages at the base of the Monte della Stella (1.131 m) and those at the East of the Alento river. For actual reasons it was decided to extend the Cilento in much of the coastal area and the inner one at the South of Salerno.
Once Cilento was part of the Lucania (with the Vallo di Diano and the gulf of Policastro). There are some signs in the dialect, in the cooking traditions and in toponymy.